- Application layer
Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is a communications protocol for message-oriented middleware based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). – Wikipedia
It enables the near-real-time exchange of structured yet extensible data between any two or more network entities. Designed to be extensible, the protocol has also been used for publish-subscribe systems, signalling for VoIP, video, file transfer, gaming, Internet of Things (IoT) applications such as the smart grid, and social networking services.
ZigBee is a IEEE 802.15.4-based specification for a suite of high-level…
A LoRaWAN wide area network allows low bit rate communication from and to…
Extended coverage GSM IoT (EC-GSM-IoT) is a standard-based Low Power Wide Area…
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